Carbon monoxide is a lot like an elusive criminal -- it's highly dangerous and you can't see or smell it. In fact, it's often called "the silent killer."
You can protect your family from the dangers of this deadly gas by taking preventive measures and by learning to recognize the symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning.
Check out the following safety tips to keep your home safe from the build up of dangerous carbon monoxide. If you need more information about carbon monoxide poisoning and prevention, call the New Jersey Poison Control Center at 800-222-1222.
- Uncover the Facts
- What Should I Do If I Suspect a CO Problem?
- Free Carbon Monoxide Safety Presentations
- Just For Kids
- Who to Call
Uncover the Facts
What is carbon monoxide?
Carbon monoxide or CO is a toxic gas that is produced when fuels such as gasoline, oil, propane, kerosene, coal, wood and natural gas do not have an adequate supply of oxygen to burn completely. When CO is breathed into the body, it combines with the body's blood and prevents it from absorbing oxygen. High levels of carbon monoxide can be fatal.
Common sources of CO poisoning include:
- Malfunctioning heating equipment
- Blocked chimneys
- Indoor use of barbecue grills
- Using cooking appliances for heating purposes
- Sitting inside an idling vehicle for a prolonged period of time
- Repairing or running engines, such as vehicles, lawnmowers and snow blowers, in an attached garage
What are the symptoms of CO poisoning?
Symptoms are often mistaken for the flu -- severe headaches, nausea, vomiting and sleepiness. One difference is that with CO poisoning there is usually no fever, and symptoms tend to clear up when you go outside and breathe fresh air. CO poisoning also affects pets.
What can I do to prevent CO in my home?
The first line of defense against CO poisoning is to have your heating, hot water and venting systems inspected annually by a qualified technician. Between inspections check your equipment for signs of problems, such as soot or water collecting near a burner or vent. Equipment that uses natural gas should show a clear blue flame. A yellow or orange flame may indicate a problem.
Installing a CO detector will give you added protection, but should not replace regular maintenance on appliances, heaters and venting systems. Follow the manufacturer's instructions for installation and make sure the detector meets the current IAS 6-96 safety standard. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission recommends a CO detector on every floor in the hallway near sleeping areas.
- Never leave a car or lawn mower running in a garage
- Never burn charcoal indoors or in an enclosed area, such as a tent
- Keep vents and chimneys clear of debris and other blockages
- Make sure appliances are installed properly
- Don't use a range, oven or clothes dryer for heating
- Immediately repair dislocated or fallen parts from your appliances
What Should I Do If I Suspect a CO Problem?
If you suspect a problem with an appliance, have a qualified service technician check it.
If you think you are experiencing symptoms of CO poisoning, call the New Jersey Poison Control Center at 800-222-1222.
If an emergency exists, get fresh air immediately and call 911.
If you need additional information about CO, contact the Poison Control Center.
Free Carbon Monoxide Safety Presentations
If your organization is interested in learning more about carbon monoxide, contact our Speakers' Bureau Program at 732-938-1035. A representative from New Jersey Natural Gas will give your group more detailed information about CO and show a videotape that examines where CO comes from, as well as the dangers and symptoms associated with it.
Just For Kids - Investigating Carbon Monoxide
Let's uncover some important facts about carbon monoxide:
Fact Number One: Carbon monoxide is a poisonous gas that you can't see, taste or smell. It is impossible for humans to sense carbon monoxide in the air -- that's why it's often called "the silent killer."
Fact Number Two: Carbon monoxide comes from the incomplete burning of fossil fuels, like gasoline, wood, kerosene, oil, coal and natural gas.
Fact Number Three: Carbon monoxide is normally present in the air in low amounts that can't hurt you. But it becomes dangerous when it builds up over a long period of time in an enclosed space, like a house, a car or a garage.
Fact Number Four: Carbon monoxide can come from many sources, like a broken furnace or water heater, a blocked chimney, a charcoal grill used indoors or a car warming up in a garage.
Fact Number Five: Carbon monoxide can make a person sick if he or she is exposed to it over an extended period. It can even cause death. A person with carbon monoxide poisoning may complain of dizziness, headache, nausea and may feel very tired.
Who to Call
Now that you've gotten to the bottom of carbon monoxide, here's what to do if your family thinks they have carbon monoxide poisoning symptoms:
Call the New Jersey Poison Control Hotline at 800-222-1222. If there's a medical emergency, such as someone falling unconscious, get the person outside to fresh air and call 911. Additionally, call NJNG at 800-221-0051.
Share this checklist with your family to protect them from carbon monoxide poisoning:
- Have heating and venting systems inspected annually by a qualified technician
- Never burn charcoal indoors
- Don't use a gas range or oven for heating
- Keep vents and chimneys free of blockages
- Don't leave a car running in a garage
- Install a carbon monoxide detector that meets the IAS 6-96 safety standard
Further information can be found at New Jersey Poison Information and Education System.